Lack of ric-3 congruence with beta2 subunit-containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in bipolar disorde


Neuroscience. 2007 Aug 24;148(2):454-60. Epub 2007 Jul 19

Severance EG, Yolken RH

Stanley Division of Developmental Neurovirology, Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Blalock 1105, Baltimore, MD 21287-4933, USA. [email protected]


Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) dysfunction occurs in individuals with schizophrenia (SZ) and may also affect individuals with bipolar disorder (BP). The molecular mechanisms for these disease-associated cholinergic deficits are not known. In vitro, the protein RIC-3 (resistance to inhibitors of cholinesterase-3) aids the assembly and trafficking of alpha7-nAChRs but has unclear action on the biogenesis of alpha4/beta2-nAChRs. To evaluate RIC-3/nAChR dynamics in diseased and normal human brain tissue, we measured RIC-3, alpha 7-, alpha4- and beta2-nAChRs transcript levels in postmortem prefrontal cortex of individuals with SZ (n=31), BP (n=28) and unaffected controls (NC, n=33). Of the 28 individuals with BP, 20 had a history of psychotic symptoms. We compared relative message abundances between diagnostic groups and tested correlations of RIC-3 with each nAChR message subtype. RIC-3 and alpha4 messages were significantly increased in BP compared with NC (RIC-3, P< or = 0.002; alpha4, P< or =0.04). RIC-3 message was also upregulated in SZ (P< or =0.04). In BP with psychoses, RIC-3 and alpha4 levels were increased compared with BP without psychoses (both P< or =0.02) and compared with NC (RIC-3, P< or +0.0003; alpha4, P< or = 0.004). In correlation regression analyses, RIC-3 expression was very highly correlated to alpha7, alpha4 and beta2 in NC (alpha7, P< or = 2.5e-05; alpha4, P<" from="from" in="in" levels="levels" may="may" modestly="modestly" nachr="nAChR" no="no" occur="occur" of="of" or="0.003)" overall="overall" p="p" patients="patients" por="3e-09)." psychoses="psychoses" psychotic="psychotic" ric-3="RIC-3" showed="showed" significant="significant" strongly="strongly" subset="subset" subunit="subunit" suggest="suggest" sz="SZ" that="that" the="the" upregulation="upregulation" was="was" with="with" without="without">